Abstract Expressionism was an American post–World War II art movement. It became a leading trend in Western painting during the 1950s. the movement developed was developed in New York in the 1940s & the 1950s. The most recognized American Abstract Expressionist painters were Jackson Pollock, Willem de Kooning, Franz Kline, and Mark Rothko. In 1946, Art critic Robert Coates first applied the term “Abstract Expressionism” to American art, however, the term was used by Germany’s Der Sturm magazine in 1919.
The Term “Abstract Expressionism” is meant to encompass not only the work of painters who filled their canvases with fields of color &/or abstract shapes & forms, but also those who attacked their canvases with dribbles, splashes, or smears onto the canvas, using gestural expressions. The movement includes many different styles in paintings in terms of technique and quality of expression. Nevertheless, Abstract Expressionism has become the most accepted term for a group of artists who had much in common. They often use degrees of abstraction either by depicting forms unrealistically or, forms not comprehensible to the visible world (nonobjective). They emphasize freedom, spontaneity, and the expression of personal emotions.